Autism is a condition that affects how people see and interact with the world. It is a disability, NOT a disease or an illness. It stays with you, your entire life. Image taken from Pixabay
What causes Autism?
There is no clear answer to what actually causes autism but it has clearly been disproven that vaccines such as MMR and Refrigerator Parents (bad parenting) are causes of autism.
How many forms of Autism are there?
Autism is often called Autistic Spectrum Disorder/Condition (ASD or ASC). It is described as a spectrum because there is no single set of symptoms that affect all people with the condition. Every individual with autism can be affected by a certain symptom differently such as: there are those who can't stand any form of loud noise at all but there are others who are only affected by certain loud noises.
What are the symptoms of Autism?
Although, every autistic person is affected by symptoms differently, the symptoms all fall around three categories known as the "Triad of Impairments". Image by U3144362 CC BY-SA (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)
(Triad of Impairments) How are autistic people impaired by Social Interaction?
Autistic people are impaired by Social Interaction as they:
Have no mental filter meaning they will say exactly what is on their minds whether appropriate or not
Tend to prefer being alone rather than participate in group activities
Struggle to understand their own or other people's thoughts, emotions and facial expressions
Are more sensitive to bright lights, loud noises and being touched
Find it difficult to develop friendships and relationships
(Triad of Impairments) How are autistic people impaired by Social Communication?
Autistic people are impaired by Social Communication as they:
Take longer to develop speech in childhood
Struggle to express their own needs and feelings
May be non-verbal or speak very little
Find it difficult to start or hold a conversation
May talk more about their own interests than having a two way conversation
(Triad of Impairments) How are autistic people impaired by Social Imagination and Flexible Thinking?
Autistic people are impaired by Social Imagination and Flexible Thinking as they:
Take everything literally and struggle to think creatively
Prefer to have a routine and dislike alterations made to it
Are unable to cope with big changes and anything unknown to them
Will have an obesssive interest which they can focus on for a long period of time
Have repetitive behaviours and are obsessed with sameness
What is Asperger's Syndrome?
Asperger's Syndrome refers to those who have a milder form of autism meaning that these people will only have milder symptom such as having normal speech development in childhood, being able to socialise easier and are able to function more independently in society. This has lead to the term "High-Functioning" as a way to describe people with Aspergers Syndrome, a term aspies hate.
Why do autistic people hate the term "High-Functioning"?
High-Functioning tells us that people on the autistic spectrum is a straight line where people are either on the high end or low end of the spectrum whereas the autism spectrum is actually more like a wheel of traits much like this:
Can Autism be cured?
There is no known cure for Autism but there are strategies for living with it. Aspie Heroes offers strategies and resources to those with autism or those who associate with those who have autism. You can find them here: Click Here to visit Aspie Heroes Explore page