Autism is a condition that affects how people see and interact with the world. It is a disability, NOT a disease or an illness. It stays with you, your entire life.
Image taken from Pixabay
There is no clear answer to what actually causes autism but it has clearly been disproven that vaccines such as MMR and Refrigerator Parents (bad parenting) are a cause of autism.

Autism is often called Autistic Spectrum Disorder/Condition (ASD or ASC). It is described as a spectrum because there is no single set of symptoms that affect all people with the condition. Every individual with autism can be affected by a certain symptom differently such as: there are those who can't stand any form of loud noise at all but there are others who are only affected by certain loud noises. 

Although, every autistic person is affected by symptoms differently, the symptoms all fall around three categories known as the "Triad of Impairments".
Image by U3144362
Autistic people are impaired by Social Interaction as they:

  • Have no mental filter meaning they will say exactly what is on their minds whether appropriate or not
  • Tend to prefer being alone rather than participate in group activities
  • Struggle to understand their own or other people's thoughts, emotions and facial expressions
  • Are more sensitive to bright lights, loud noises and being touched
  • Find it difficult to develop friendships and relationships

Autistic people are impaired by Social Communication as they:

  • Take longer to develop speech in childhood
  • Struggle to express their own needs and feelings
  • May be non-verbal or speak very little
  • Find it difficult to start or hold a conversation
  • May talk more about their own interests than having a two way conversation

Autistic people are impaired by Social Imagination and Flexible Thinking as they:

  • Take everything literally and struggle to think creatively
  • Prefer to have a routine and dislike alterations made to it
  • Are unable to cope with big changes and anything unknown to them
  • Will have an obesssive interest which they can focus on for a long period of time
  • Have repetitive behaviours and are obsessed with sameness

Asperger's Syndrome refers to those who have a milder form of autism and are considered to be on the 'high functioning' end of the Autistic Spectrum. This means that these people will only have mild symptoms such as not struggling to develop speech in childhood, something most autistic children tend to struggle with.
There is no known cure for Autism but there are strategies for living with it. Aspie Heroes offers strategies and resources to those with autism or those who associate with those who have autism. You can find them here: Click Here to visit Aspie Heroes Explore page